تاثیر یک دوره تمرین قدرتی بر غلظت کمرین سرم و مقاومت انسولینی در مردان جوان چاق غیرفعال

نوع مقاله : علمی - پژوهشی

نویسندگان

دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی

چکیده

هدف: هدف از مطالعه حاضر بررسی تاثیر یک دوره تمرین قدرتی بر غلظت کمرین سرم و مقاومت انسولینی در مردان جوان چاق غیرفعال بود. روش‌ شناسی: در یک کارآزمایی نیمه‌تجربی، 21 مرد جوان چاق غیرفعال بطور تصادفی به دو گروه تمرین قدرتی (10 نفر، 3/3 ± 7/26 سال، 5/5 ± 1/96 کیلوگرم، 9/2 ± 2/31 درصد چربی، 8/2 ± 6/32 کیلوگرم بر متر مربع) و کنترل (11 نفر، 7/3 ± 1/28 سال، 7/5 ± 7/95 کیلوگرم، 2/3 ± 9/30 درصد چربی، 7/3 ± 1/32 کیلوگرم بر متر مربع) تقسیم شدند. وزن، درصد چربی، نمایه توده بدن، سطوح در گردش کمرین، انسولین و گلوکز و شاخص مقاومت انسولینی (HOMA-IR) قبل و پس از دوره تمرین اندازه‌گیری شد. پروتکل تمرین قدرتی شامل دوازده هفته تمرین با وزنه بود. تجزیه و تحلیل داده‌ها با بکارگیری نرم‌افزار آماری SPSS-16 و با استفاده از آزمون‌های t همبسته و مستقل و ضریب همبستگی پیرسون صورت گرفت. نتایج: تمرین قدرتی غلظت سرمی کمرین (011/0=P) و انسولین (013/0=P) و HOMA-IR (007/0=P) را بطور معنی‌داری کاهش داد، اما غلظت گلوکز سرم تغییر معنی‌داری نیافت. همچنین، تغییرات غلظت کمرین سرم متعاقب تمرین با تغییرات غلظت انسولین سرم (012/0=P، 51/0=r) و HOMA-IR (027/0=P، 52/0=r) همبستگی مستقیم داشت، اما همبستگی معنی‌داری با تغییرات غلظت گلوکز سرم نشان نداد. بحث و نتیجه‌گیری: به نظر می‌رسد تمرین قدرتی از طریق کاهش سطوح کمرین و انسولین سرم و مقاومت انسولینی می‌تواند خطر ابتلا به بیماری‌های قلبی-عروقی و متابولیکی را در مردان جوان چاق غیرفعال کاهش دهد. بر اساس یافته‌های مطالعه حاضر، تغییرات سطوح کمرین سرم متعاقب دوره تمرین قدرتی با تغییرات سطوح انسولین سرم و مقاومت انسولینی همبستگی مستقیم دارد.

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