اثر هشت هفته تمرین مقاومتی بر سطوح سرمی BDNF و عملکرد حافظه زنان میانسال مبتلا به سندروم متابولیک

نوع مقاله : علمی - پژوهشی

نویسندگان

دانشگاه سمنان

چکیده

مقدمه: هدف از تحقیق حاضر بررسی اثر هشت هفته تمرین مقاومتی بر سطوح BDNF و عملکرد حافظه زنان میانسال مبتلا به سندروم متابولیک بود. روش تحقیق: 22 زن داوطلب میانسال مبتلا به سندروم متابولیک به صورت نمونه­گیریدردسترس،گزینششدند و به طور تصادفی به دو گروه تمرین (تعداد=12، 14/5 ± 08/43 سال، 16/7 ± 13/74 کیلوگرم) و گروه کنترل (تعداد=10، 53/4 ± 9/39 سال، 61/11 ± 23/82 کیلوگرم) تقسیم شدند. آزمودنی­های گروه تمرین به مدت هشت هفته و سه روز در هر هفته به تمرین مقاومتی پرداختند. تمرین شامل سه نوبت هشت تا ده تکراری با در نظر گرفتن اصل اضافه بار بود. در مراحل پیش­آزمون و پایان تمرین، آزمون­های عملکرد حافظه کوتاه­مدت و میان­مدت و بلندمدت و همچنین خون­گیری انجام شد. داده­ها با استفاده از آزمون­های تی مستقل، تی وابسته و آنالیز واریانس با اندازه­گیری مکرر 2×2 با سطح معنی داری 05/0 P≤تجزیه و تحلیل شدند.یافته­ها:  تغییر معنی­داری در سطوح BDNF و حافظه میان مدت در دو گروه تمرین و کنترل مشاهده نشد (05/0P≥). نتایج آزمون  tوابستهافزایش معنی­داری در گروه تمرین در حافظه کوتاه­مدت و بلندمدت نشان داد (05/0P≤)، اما پس از بررسی اثر تعاملی تمرین تغییرات معنی­داری مشاهده نشد(05/0P≥). نتیجه گیری: با وجود اینکه BDNF به عنوان یک متابوتروفین، میانجی اثرات ورزش بر عملکرد شناختی شناخته شده است؛ اما هشت هفته تمرین مقاومتی نمی­تواند اثر مطلوبی بر افزایش BDNF و عملکرد حافظه در زنان میانسال مبتلا به سندروم متابولیک داشته باشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effect of 8 Weeks Resistance Training on Serum BDNF Level and Memory Performance in Middle-aged Women with Metabolic Syndrome

چکیده [English]

Aim: The purpose of this study to verify the effects of resistance training on Serum BDNF Level and Memory Performance in Middle-aged Women with Metabolic Syndrome.
Methods: 22 volunteers middle-age woman with metabolic syndrome for sampling, were selected and randomly assigned to a resistance training protocol (n = 12, 43.08 ± 5.14 years, 74.13 ± 7.16 kg) or a control group (n = 10, 39.9 ± 4.53 years, 82.23 ± 11.61 kg). In the resistance training protocol, ten exercises were performed, with 3 × 8–10 maximal repetitions three times per week With regard to the principle of overload. Short term, midterm and long term memory tests and also blood sampling were conducted before and after training. Data were analyzed using independent and depended t-test, analysis of variance with repeated measures 2 × 2 with the level of statistical significance was set at P ≤ 0.05.
Results: No significant changes in the levels of BDNF and midterm memory in the control and exercise and control groups was not observed (P ≥ 0.05).The dependent t test results showed a significant decrease in short term and long term memory in the exercise group (P ≤ 0.05), but after interactive exercise effect no significant changes was not observed (P ≥ 0.05).
Conclusion: In spite of the fact the BDNF as a metatrophin, mediating the effects of exercise on cognitive function is known, but eight weeks of resistance training cannot have a favorable effect on increasing BDNF and memory function in middle-aged women with metabolic syndrome.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Resistance training
  • BDNF
  • memory performance
  • middle-age women
  • metabolic syndrome
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