تاثیر دو برنامه مختلف تمرین مقاومتی بر عوامل همورئولوژیکی در مردان غیرفعال سالم

نوع مقاله : علمی - پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 آموزش عالی

2 دانشگاه تبریز

3 دانشگاه شهید بهشتی تهران

چکیده

هدف: با توجه به تناقض­های مربوط به اثرات تمرینات مقاومتی بر پارامترهای همورئولوژیکی مرتبط با بیماری­های قلبی-عروقی، تحقیق حاضر با هدف تعیین تاثیر 12 هفته تمرین مقاومتی مختلف (هایپرتروفی و قدرتی بیشینه) بر عوامل همورئولوژیکی در مردان غیرفعال سالم انجام شد. روش: 39 دانشجوی مرد 20-18 ساله سالم غیر فعال به طور تصادفی به سه گروه کنترل (12n=)، تمرین مقاومتی هایپرتروفی (14n=) و قدرتی بیشینه (13n=) تقسیم شدند. گروه­های تمرین به مدت 12 هفته در تمرینات مقاومتی (3 جلسه/هفته،  6 ایستگاه/جلسه و در هر ایستگاه 3 نوبت) شرکت داشتند. تمرینات مقاومتی هایپرتروفی و قدرتی بیشینه به ترتیب باشدت 70-65% و 85-80% یک تکرار بیشینه، انجام شد. نمونه­های خونی قبل و 48 ساعت پس از دوره تمرین گرفته شدند و برای اندازه گیری متغیرهای همورئولوژیکی آنالیز شدند. داده­های عوامل همورئولوژیکی با استفاده از تحلیل واریانس یکطرفه مستقل بررسی شدند. یافته­ها: پروتئین­تام، ویسکوزیته پلاسما و تجمع­پذیری گلبول­های قرمز  متعاقب 12 هفته تمرین مقاومتی هایپرتروفی و قدرتی بیشینه به طور معنی‌دار کاهش یافتند (05/0>P). از طرفی، تغییرشکل­پذیری گلبول­های قرمز در هر دو گروه تمرین مقاومتی به طور معنی­دار افزایش پیدا کرد (05/0>P). به هر حال، افت دامنه ویسکوزیته پلاسما در گروه هایپرتروفی نسبت به گروه قدرتی بیشینه به طور معنی‌دار بیشتر بود (05/0>P). به علاوه، افت معنی­دار ویسکوزیته خون تنها در گروه هایپرتروفی مشاهده شد (05/0>P).  نتیجه­گیری: بر اساس یافته­های تحقیق حاضر می­توان نتیجه­گیری نمودکه هر دو نوع تمرین مقاومتی هایپرتروفی و قدرتی بطور مشابهی بر ویژگی­های رئولوژیکی گلبول­های قرمز تاثیر دارند، ولی تمرین مقاومتی هایپرتروفی باعث بهبود بیشتر ویسکوزیته خون و پلاسما و در نهایت سیالیت خون می­ شود. لذا، مردان غیرفعال و سالم می توانند جهت بهرمندی از فواید تمرینات مقاومتی بدون نگرانی از بروز تغییرات نامطلوب در شاخص­های همورئولوژیکی مرتبط با ترمبوز به این تمرینات بپردازند.

عنوان مقاله [English]

The effect of two different resistance training programs on hemorheological factors in healthy inactive men

چکیده [English]

Aim: Based on controversies about the effects of resistance training on hemorheological parameters associated with cardiovascular disease, this study was carried out to determine the effect of 12 weeks of resistance training (hypertrophy and maximal strength) on hemorheological parameters in healthy inactive men. Methods: Thirty nine collegiate men (18-20 years) were randomly divided into three groups: control (n =12), hypertrophy (n =13) and strength (n =13) training groups. Training groups participated in 12 weeks of resistance training (3 sessions / week, 6 stations / session and 3 times per station). Hypertrophy and maximal strength resistance training were performed at 65-70% and 80-85% of one repetition maximum, respectively. Blood samples were taken before and 48 hours after the training period and were analyzed for measuring the hemorheological variables. Hemorheological data were analyzed by using the independent one-way ANOVA. Results: The significant reductions in total protein, plasma viscosity and aggregation of red blood cells in inactive men were found after 12 weeks of hypertrophy and maximal resistance training (P

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