اثر یک دوره کوتاه‌مدت تمرین مقاومتی دایره‌ای بر فیبرینوژن و ویسکوزیته پلاسما، و برخی پارامترهای پلاکت خون دختران جوان دانشگاهی

نوع مقاله : علمی - پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه علامه طباطبایی

2 گروه تربیت بدنی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد علوم و تحقیقات رشت

3 گروه بیوشیمی ورزشی، دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه مازندران

4 اداره آموزش و پرورش آمل

چکیده

هدف: هدف از تحقیق حاضر بررسی اثر 7 جلسه تمرین مقاومتی دایره‌ای بر فیبرینوژن پلاسما، ویسکوزیته پلاسما و برخی از پارامترهای پلاکت خون در دختران دانشگاهی بود. روش: تعداد 20 دانشجوی تربیت‌بدنی دختر که در فاز لوتئال از دوره قائدگی خود قرار داشتند، توسط فراخوان انتخاب و (به دلیل ریزش نمونه‌ها طی تحقیق) بطور تصادفی در دو گروه 9 و 8 نفره تمرین مقاومتی و کنترل قرار گرفتند.گروه تجربی به مدت هفت روز متوالی یک ورزش مقاومتی دایره‌ای شامل 10 حرکت با شدت 60% یک تکرار بیشینه و مدت 20 ثانیه برای هر حرکت را در 4 دور انجام دادند، که هر جلسه با گرم کردن و سرد کردن 32 الی 40 دقیقه طول کشید. نمونه های خونی جهت اندازه‌گیری فیبرینوژن پلاسما، ویسکوزیته پلاسما، PLT، MPV، PDW و PLC-R در 24 ساعت قبل از شروع جلسه اول و 24 ساعت پس از جلسه هفتم در شرایط 12 ساعت ناشتایی شبانه گرفته شد. یافته‌ها: تحلیل واریانس برای اندازه گیری مکرر نشان داد که فیبرینوژن پلاسما، ویسکوزیته پلاسما، PLT، MPV و PLC-R دختران افزایش معناداری در اثر 7 جلسه متوالی تمرین مقاومتی دایره‌ای یافت؛ ولیکن PDW تغییر معناداری نکرد. نتیجه‌گیری: تمرین مقاومتی دایره‌ای موجب افزایش فاکتورهای هماتولوژیک انعقادی و رئولوژیک پلاسما شد که احتمالاً می‌تواند در دراز مدت سلامت قلبی- عروقی را تحت تأثیر قرار دهد. لذا پیشنهاد می‌شود در استفاده از تمرینات مقاومتی دایره‌ای برای دختران، از استراحت بین جلسات جهت ریکاوری و ایجاد فرصت برای سازگاری کوتاه‌مدت در نظر گرفته شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Short-Term Effect of Circuit Resistance Exercise on Plasma Fibrinogen and Viscosity, and some Platelet Parameters of Young Female Students

چکیده [English]

Aim: The aim of this study was the effect of 7 sessions of circuit resistance exercise in consecutive days on plasma fibrinogen and viscosity, and some platelet parameters of young female students. Methods: Twenty volunteer female students in luteal phase of the menstrual cycle were selected and randomly divided into two groups of experimental and control. Experimental group were performed a circuit resistance exercise including 10 nonstop exercise with 60% one repeat maximum in 4 round (20s for each exercise, and 3 min for between round rest). Each session was took 32-40 min with warm up and cool down. Blood sampling was taken 24h before and after first and seventh session of training respectively in 12h overnight fast condition to assay plasma fibrinogen, platelet counts (PLT), mean platelet volume (MPV), platelet distribution width (PDW), and platelet large cell rate (PLC-R). Plasma viscosity was calculated. Results: Plasma fibrinogen, plasma viscosity, PLT, MPV, and PLC-R elevated significantly affected by 7 consecutive sessions of circuit resistance training; but PDW didn’t change significantly. Conclusion: Circuit resistance training increased haematological and rheological plasma parameters of coagulation that could possibly affect the long-term cardiovascular health. So, female students must use the between sessions rest for appropriate recovery from circuit resistance exercise. It could be useful for short term adaptation.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Short term Training-Resistance Training-Circuit Training-Plasma Fibrinogen-Plasma Viscosity
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