مقایسه تاثیر هشت هفته تمرین هوازی و مقاومتی بر وضعیت اکسیدانت، آنتی اکسیدانت و نیمرخ لیپیدی در دختران چاق

نوع مقاله : علمی - پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار گروه تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد یادگار امام خمینی ( ره ) شهر ری، تهران، ایران

2 استادیار گروه فیزیولوژی ورزشی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد آیت الله آملی، آمل، ایران

3 دانشجوی دکتری فیزیولوژی ورزشی، دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد علی آباد کتول، علی آباد کتول، ایران

چکیده

هدف: هدف از تحقیق حاضر بررسی مقایسه تاثیر هشت هفته تمرین هوازی و مقاومتی بر وضعیت اکسیدانت، آنتی­اکسیدانت و نیمرخ لیپیدی در دختران چاق بود. روش تحقیق: بدین منظور، 30زن چاق ( سن 5±30 سال، قد 2±60/1 متر و شاخص توده بدنی33-31 کیلوگرم/مجذور متر ) انتخاب و به طور تصادفی به سه گروه تمرین هوازی، مقاومتی و کنترل تقسیم شدند. گروه­های تجربی، تمرین هوازی روی تردمیل با شدت60 تا 75% ضربان قلب ذخیره و تمرین مقاومتی با شدت 55 تا 75% 1RM به مدت هشت هفته انجام دادند. نمونه­های خون آزمودنی­ها 48 ساعت قبل و بعد از پروتکل تمرینی و 12 ساعت ناشتا جمع­آوری شد. تحلیل داده­ها با استفاده از آنالیز واریانس یکطرفه و آزمون تعقیبی توکی در سطح 05/0P≤ انجام شد. یافته­ها: نتایج نشان داد سطوح مالون­دی­آلدئید، سوپراکسیددیسموتاز و ظرفیت آنتی­اکسیدانی تام پلاسما در دختران چاق در گروه تمرین هوازی نسب به گروه کنترل معنادار بود(05/0P≤). با این­وجود، بین اثر هشت هفته فعالیت هوازی و مقاومتی بر نیتریک اکساید پلاسما در دختران چاق تفاوت معناداری وجود نداشت (069/0P=). نتیجه‌گیری:به نظر می­رسد تمرین هوازی می­تواند موجب ایجاد تغییرات قابل توجه در دستگاه اکسایشی و ضد اکسایشی بدن گردد وبا تعدیل نیمرخ لیپیدی، خطر بیماری قلبی عروقی در افراد دارای چاقی را کاهش دهد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Compare the effect of eight weeks aerobic and resistance training on Oxidant, antioxidant status and lipid profile in obese girls

چکیده [English]

Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate compare the effect of eight weeks aerobic and resistance training on Oxidant, antioxidant status and lipid profile in obese girls. Methods: In this study, 30 obese women (age 30±5years, height 1/60±2m, weight 85/23±6/7kg, Body mass index 31-33kg/m2) were divided randomly into three aerobic exercise, resistance and control groups. Experimental groups of aerobic exercise performed on a treadmill by 60 to 75% of heart rate reserve and intensity resistance training 55 to 75% 1RM for 8 weeks. Blood samples of the subjects before and after 48 hours of training and 12 hours of fasting protocols were collected. Data analysis using ANOVA and Tukey post hoc test was conducted at P≤0.05. Results: The results showed that the levels of malondialdehyde, superoxide dismutase and total antioxidant capacity of plasma was significant in obese girls in the aerobic training group relative to the control group (P≤0.05). However, there was no difference between the effect of eight weeks aerobic and resistance training in plasma nitric oxide, in obese girls (P=0/069). Conclusion: Seem to aerobic training can make significant changes in the body oxidative and anti-oxidative and adjusting lipid profile, reduce risk of cardiovascular disease in people with obesity.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Oxidative stress-training-Obesity
Groves T. Pandemic obesity in Europe. British Medical Journal. 2006; 333-337. 2. Li TY, Rana JS, Manson JE, Willett WC, Stampfer MJ, Colditz GA, et al. Obesity as compared with physical activity in predicting risk of coronary heart disease in women. Circulation. 2006; 113(4): 499-506. 3. Witztum JL. The oxidation hypothesis of atherosclerosis. Lancet. 1994; 344: 793-795. 4. Oberly LW. Free radicals and diabetes. Free radical biology & medicine. 1998; 5:113-124. 5. Vincent HK, Powers SK, Stewart DJ, Shanely RA, Demirel H, Naito H. Obesity is associated with increased myocardial oxidative stress. International journal of obesity and related metabolic disorders. 1999; 23:67-74. 6. Watson TA, MacDonald-Wicks LK, Garg ML. Oxidative stress and antioxidants in athletes undertaking regular exercise training. International journal of sport nutrition and exercise metabolism. 2005; 15(2): 131-40. 7. Osorio RA, Christofani JS, Almeida VD, Russo AK Picarro IC. Reactive oxygen species in pregnant rats: effect of exercise and thermal stress. Comparative biochemistry and physiology. 2007; 135:89-95. 8. Parkin JM, Carey MF, Zhao S, Febbraio MA. Effect of ambient temperature on human skeletal muscle metabolism during fatiguing submaximal exercise. Journal of applied physiology. 1999; 86:902- 908. 9. Nieman DC, Henson DA, Nehlsen- Cannarella SL, Ekkens M, Utter AC. Influence of obesity on immune function. Journal of the American Dietetic Association. 1999; 99:294-299. 10 . Bouloumie A, Marumo T, Lafontan M, Buse R. Leptin induces oxidative stress in human endothelial cells. Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology. 1999; 13:1231-1238. 11 . Vincent HK, Morgan JW, Vincent KR. Obesity exacerbates oxidative stress levels after acute exercise. Medicine and science in sports and exercise. 2004; 36:772-779. 12 . Ahn N, Kim K. The influence of obesity and ambient temperature on physiological and oxidative responses to submaximal exercise. Biology of Sport. 2014; 31 (2):139-44. 13 . Jahani G, Firoozrai M, Matin Homaee H, Tarverdizadeh B, Azarbayjani MA, Movaseghi MR, et al. The Effect of Continuous and Regular Exercise on Erytrocyte Antioxidative Enzymes Activity and Stress Oxidative in Young Soccer Players. Razi Journal of Medical Sciences. 2010; 17 (74) :22-32. 14 . Bloomer RJ, Goldfarb AH, Wideman L, McKenzie MJ, Consitt LA. Effects of acute aerobic and anaerobic exercise on blood markers of oxidative stress. Journal of strength and conditioning research. 2005; 19(2):276-285. 15 . Fisher WK, Bloomer RJ. Acute exercise and oxidative stress. A 30-year history. Dynamic Medicine. 2009; 13.8:1. 16 . Melissas J, Malliaraki N, Papadakis JA, Taflampas P, Kampa M, Castanas E. Plasma antioxidant capacity in morbidly obese
patients before and after weight loss. Obesity surgery. 2006; 16(3):314-20. 17 . Agarwal A, Aponte-Mellado A, Premkumar BJ, Shaman A, Gupta S. The effects of oxidative stress on female reproduction: a review. Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology. 2012; 10-49. 18 . Afzalpour ME, Gharakhanlou R, Gaeini AA, Seghatol Eslami A. Correlation between paraoxonase/arylesterase enzyme activities and serum lipid concentrations. Journal of Birjand University of Medical Sciences. 2006; 12(3): 1-8. 19 . Belviran M, Goldbel H. Acute exercise induced oxidative stress and antioxidant changes. European journal of medical genetics. 2006; 3:126-131. 20 . Mcbride JM, Kraemer WJ. Free radicals, Exercise, And Antioxidants. Strengh and Conditioning Research. 1999; 13: 175-183. 21 . Hamedinia MR, Nikbakht H, Rasayi MJ, Gaini A, Fatima S. Effect of exhaustive exercise on markers of oxidative stress and creatine kinase in the student-athlete. Olympic Journal. 2003; 4: 47-39. 22 . Wieser F, Gruber DM and Tschugguel W. Progesterone and nitric oxide. Zentrald Gynakol. 1997; 119: 12-16. 23 . Kazeem A, Olubayo A, Ganiyu A. Plasma nitric oxide and acute phase proteins after moderate and prolonged exercises. Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences. 2012; 15(1):602-7. 24 . Senti RN, Tomas M, Anglada R, Elosua R, Marrugat J, Covas MI, Fito M. Interrelationship of smoking, paraoxonasea activity and leisure time physical activity. A population-based study. European journal of internal medicine. 2003; 14(3):178-184. 25 . Benı́tez S, Sanchez-Quesada JL, Lucero L, Arcelus R, Ribas V, Jorba O, et al. Changes in low-density lipoprotein electronegativity and oxidizability after aerobic exercise are related to the increase in associated non-esterified fatty acids. Atherosclerosis. 2002; 160(1):223-32. 26 . Rodrigo L, Hernandez AF, Lopez-Caballero JJ, Gil F, Pla A. Immunohistochemical evidence for the expression and induction of paraoxonase in rat liver, kidney, lung and brain tissue. Implications for its physiological role. Chemico-biological interactions. 2001; 137(2):123-37. 27 . Lewis G, Mladen Vranic, Patricia Harley and Adria Giacca. Fatty acids mediate the acute extrahepatic effects of insulin on blood flow in obese men. The American Diabetes Association. 1990; 85:1844-1852. 28 . Gaeini AA, Kazemi F, Behzaree A. The effects of excessive aerobic continuous and interval training programs on plasma lipoproteins and serum CRP in women. J Journal of Kerman University of Medical Sciences. 2012; 9(3): 277-86. 29 . Casella-Filho A, Chagas AC, Maranhão RC, Trombetta IC, Cesena FH, Silva VM, et al. Effect of exercise training on plasma levels and functional properties of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol in the metabolic syndrome. The American journal of cardiology. 2011; 107(8):1168-72. 30 . Otocka KA, Orłowska MM. The role of genetic (PON1 polymorphism) and environmental factors, especially physical activity, in
a39- ntioxidant function of paraoxonase. Postȩpy higieny i medycyny doświadczalnej. 2009; 30(63):668-77. 31 . D'hooge R, Hellinckx T, Van Laethem C, Stegen S, De Schepper J, Van Aken S, et al. Influence of combined aerobic and resistance training on metabolic control, cardiovascular fitness and quality of life in adolescents with type 1 diabetes: a randomized controlled trial. Clinical rehabilitation. 2011; 25(4):349-59.