تاثیر هشت هفته تمرین عضلات تنفسی با دو پروتکل متفاوت بر فاکتورهای عملکردی و ریوی بازیکنان فوتبال

نوع مقاله : علمی - پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشگاه شهید بهشتی تهران

2 دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی زنجان واحد ابهر

چکیده

هدف: تحقیق حاضر بررسی تاثیر هشت هفته تمرین عضلات تنفسی با دو پروتکل متفاوت بر فاکتورهای ریوی و عملکردی بازیکنان فوتبال بود. روش شناسی: 30 فوتبالیست آماده و جوان (19-16 ساله) به 3 گروه تجربی A، تجربی B و کنترل تقسیم شدند. هر 3 گروه تمرین عادی فوتبال 5 روز در هفته خود را داشتند. همه ی گروه ها 5 بار در هفته و 2 بار در روز به تمرین عضلات تنفسی پرداختند. در هر جلسه تمرین عضلات تنفسی گروه تجربی A تعداد 30 نفس را در 55 درصد حداکثر دم بیشینه (MIP)، تجربی B تعداد 50 نفس را در 40 درصد MIP و گروه کنترل تعداد 30 نفس را در 15 درصد MIP  انجام دادند. آزمون های MIP، اسپیرومتری، یویو سطح یک، آزمون وامانده ساز تناوبی استقامتی (RHIET)  و آزمون رست قبل و بعد از هشت هفته تمرین عضلات تنفسی به انجام رسید. برای تحلیل داده ها از آنوای یکراهه استفاده شد. نتایج : در پژوهش حاضر نشان داده شد که هشت هفته تمرین عضلات تنفسی MIP و مسافت دویدن را افزایش و سطح لاکتات خون، میزان درک فشار، درک تنگی نفس و شاخص خستگی دوی سرعت مکرر را در گروه های تجربی A و B در مقایسه با گروه کنترل کاهش داد (05/0P<) اما تاثیری روی VC، FVC، FEV1، PEF،  MVV، میانگین توان و اوج توان نداشت (05/0P>). بحث و نتیجه گیری: نتایج این تحقیق نشان داد تمرین عضلات تنفسی مکملی مناسب برای افزایش عملکرد بدنی بازیکنان فوتبال است و بایستی شامل در برنامه ی بدنسازی آنها گردد.

عنوان مقاله [English]

The effect of eight weeks of respiratory muscle training with two different protocols on performance and ventilatory factors in soccer players

نویسندگان [English]

  • Abdolrahman Najafi 1
  • Khosro Ebrahim 1
  • Sajad Ahmadizad 1
  • Gholam Reza Jahani Ghaeh Ghashlagh 2
1 Shahid Beheshti University
2 Abhar Branch Islamic Azad University, Zanjan
چکیده [English]

Purpose: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of eight weeks of respiratory muscle training (RMT) with two different protocols on performance and ventilatory factors in soccer players. Methods: Thirty young trained soccer players between 16-19 years of age were randomly divided into 3 groups: experimental A (n=10), experimental B (n=10) and control (n=10). All groups carried out their regular soccer training with a 8-week RMT period of 1×30 breaths twice daily, five days weekly at 55% (experimental A) or 15% (control) maximal inspiratory pressure (MIP) or 1×50 breaths twice daily, five days weekly at 40% MIP (experimental B). MIP; standard spirometry; Yo-Yo intermittent recovery test level 1(YYIRT level 1); Repeated High-Intensity Endurance Test (RHIET) and Running-based Anaerobic Test (RAST) were measured before and after the period. One-way ANOVA was used to analyze the data. Results: MIP, VO2max, running distance, and repeated sprint ability (RSA) increased significantly and rating of perceived exertion (RPE), rating of perceived breathlessness (RPB) and blood lactate concentration decreased significantly in EXP1 and EXP2 groups compared to Control group (p0.05). Conclusions: The results showed that RMT is a good complement to enhance performance in soccer players and should be included in their physical fitness training.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • running distance- rating of perceived exertion- rating of perceived breathlessness
  • Lactate
  • repeated sprint ability
  • VO2max
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